Staff Profile

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Robert Luecking

Research Associate

Gantz Family Collections Center

As former Collections Manager (2003-2015), I was responsible for the over 230,000 collections of fungi and lichens held at the Field Museum. As former Adjunct Curator (2001-2015) and now Research Associate, my research focuses on the taxonomy and systematics, phylogeny and evolution, ecology and biogeography, and applications of tropical lichens, mainly in the large families Gomphillaceae, Graphidaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Pilocarpaceae, Porinaceae, Pyrenulaceae, and Pilocarpaceae, which together contain nearly 3000 species. I am also familiar with lichens that grow on living leaves of vascular plants (foliicolous lichens). I am further interested in methodology, such as multivariate analysis in community ecology and phylogenetic methods. This including practical solutions to problems such as re-coding ambiguous regions in multiple fixed alignments of large datasets and their analysis under maximum likelihood, the assessment of homoplasy prior to tree building, and the phylogenetic placement of taxa for which no DNA data are available. I am a dedicated photographer focusing on nature and macrophotography.

Recent Blog Posts

Additional Information


  • Habilitation, 2002, University of Bayreuth, Germany
  • PhD in Natural Sciences, 1994, University of Ulm, Germany
  • Diploma ('Master') in Biology, 1990, University of Ulm, Germany


  • Tropical lichenized fungi, with emphasis on crustose and foliicolous taxa
  • Taxonomy and systematics of Gomphillaceae, Graphidaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Pilocarpaceae, Porinaceae, Pyrenulaceae, and Pilocarpaceae
  • Phylogeny and evolution of tropical lichens, their associated photobionts, and related non-lichenized fungi
  • Community ecology of tropical lichens
  • Biogeography and palaeogeography of tropical lichens
  • Interactions of lichens with animals (feeding, mimicry)
  • Applications of lichens as bioindicators of environmental pollution and ecological continuity (forest health); screening of secondary compounds for pharmaceutical uses
  • Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) and LifeDesks
  • Methods in multivariate analysis and phylogeny, bioinformatics, collections and taxonomic databases, interactive identification keys
  • Nature and macrophotography

Grants & awards

  • Augustin Pyramus De Candolle Prize, 2008, Society of Physics and Natural History of Geneva, Switzer­land, for best monograph in Plants or Fungi (Flora Neotropica: Foliicolous Liche­nized Fungi)
  • Tuckerman Award, 2008, American Bryological and Lichenological Society, for best lichenological paper published in The Bryologist (The lichen family Gomphillaceae (Ostropales) in eastern North America, with notes on hyphophore development in Gomphillus and Gyalideopsis, with co-authors William Buck and Eimy Rivas Plata).
  • European Science Award, 1996, Körber Foundation, Germany (Living Space Tropi­cal Forest Cano­pies; assistant coordinator of Prof. Dr. Gerhard Gottsberger)
  • Mason-Hale-Award, 1996, International Association for Lichenology (IAL), for Best Doctoral Thesis in Lichenology in 1996 (Foliicolous lichens and their microhabitat preferences in a tropical rain forest in Costa Rica)
  • Award for Outstanding Doctoral Thesis in Biology, 1995, University of Ulm, Germany.
  • National Science Foundation (DEB 1025861, The Field Museum), 2010-2013, ATM - Assembling a taxonomic monograph: The lichen family Graphidaceae (Co-PI; PI H. Thorsten Lumbsch)
  • National Science Foundation (DEB 0841405, George Mason University), 2009-2012, Phylogenetic Diversity of Mycobionts and Photobionts in the Cyanolichen Genus Dictyonema, with Empasis on the Neotropics and the Galapagos Islands (Co-PI; PI James Lawrey)
  • National Science Foundation (DBI 0749762, The Field Museum), 2008-2011, Bringing Schuster, Standley and Co. Into the Third Mille­nium: The Field Museum's 180K Bryophyte and Lichen Conversion & Digitization Project (Co-PI; PI Matt von Konrat)
  • National Science Foundation (DEB 0715660, The Field Museum), 2007-2011, Neotropical Epiphytic Microlichens - An Innovative Inventory of a Highly Diverse yet Little Known Group of Symbiotic Orga­nisms (PI)
  • Mexican CONACYT (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México UNAM), 2007 to 2010, Comparación de la biodiversidad, ecogeografía y usos potenciales de líquenes costrosos de bosques tropicales secos y húmedos de México (Co-PI; PI Maria de los Angeles Herrera Campos)
  • National Science Foundation (DEB 0516116, The Field Museum), 2005-2009, Phylogeny and Taxonomy of Ostropalean Fungi, with Emphasis on the Lichen-forming Thelotremataceae (Co-PI; PI H. Thorsten Lumbsch)
  • Grainger Foundation (The Field Museum), 2008, From KE EMU to the EOL: Dynamic taxon pages and interactive keys for 5000 species of fungi, lichens, and bryophytes for the Encyclopedia Of Life and collaborating web initiatives (PI)
  • National Science Foundation (DEB 0206125, The Field Museum), 2002-2006, TICOLICHEN - The Costa Rican Biodiversity Inventory (PI)
  • Mexican CONACYT (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México UNAM), 2001-2004, Biodiversidad, Ecogeografía y potenciales usos de los líquenes foliícolas de México (Co-PI; PI Maria de los Angeles Herrera Campos).
  • German Research Society (DFG, University of Bayreuth), 1998-2001, Phylogeny of the Lichen Families Gom­philla­ceae and Asterothyriaceae (PI)
  • German Research Society (DFG; University of Ulm), 1995-1997, Neotropical Foliicolous Lichens: Taxonomy, Syste­ma­­tics, Biogeography, Diversity, Ecology, and Applications (PI)

Work experience

  • Curator (Cryptogams), Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, since 2015
  • Research Associate, The Field Museum, since 2015
  • Collections Manager (Fungi), The Field Museum, 2003 to 2015
  • Adjunct Curator (Lichens), The Field Museum, 2001 to 2015
  • Assistant Professor (Habilitant), University of Bayreuth, Germany, 1998-2001
  • Visiting Professor (DAAD), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil, 1998
  • Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Ulm, Germany, 1995-1997


Featured Publications (reverse chronological order):

  • Lücking, R., Hodkinson, B. P., Stamatakis, A. & Cartwright, R. A. 2011. PICS-Ord: unlimited coding of ambiguous regions by pairwise identity and cost scores ordination. BMC Bioinformatics 12: 10. link (open access)
  • Lücking, R., Seavey, F., Common, R. S., Beeching, S. Q., Breuss, O., Buck, W. R., Crane, L., Hodges, M., Hodkinson, B. P., Lay, E., Lendemer, J. C., McMullin, R. T., Mercado-Díaz, J. A., Nelsen, M. P., Rivas Plata, E., Safranek, W., Sanders, W. B., Schaefer H. P. Jr. & Seavey, J. 2011. The lichens of Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park, Florida: Proceedings from the 18th Tuckerman Workshop. Bull. Florida Mus. Nat. Hist., Biol. Sci. 49:127-186. link (open access)
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Ahti, T., Altermann, S., Amo De Paz, G., Aptroot, A., Arup, U., Bárcenas Peña, A., Bawingan, P. A., Benatti, M. N., Betancourt, L., Björk, C. R., Boonpragob, K., Brand, M., Bungartz, F., Cáceres, M. E. S., Candan, M, Chaves, J. L., Clerc, P., Common, R., Coppins, B. J., Crespo, A., Dal-Forno, M., Divakar, P. K., Duya, M. V., Elix, J. A., Elvebakk, A., Fankhauser, J. D., Farkas, E., Itatí Ferraro, L., Fischer, E., Galloway, D. J., Gaya, E., Giralt, M., Goward, T., Grube, M., Hafellner, J., Hernández M., J. E., Herrera Campos, M. A., Kalb, K., Kärnefelt, I., Kantvilas, G., Killmann, D., Kirika, P., Knudsen, K., Komposch, H., Kondratyuk, S., Lawrey, J. D., Mangold, A., Marcelli, M. P., Mccune, B., Ines Messuti, M., Michlig, A., Miranda González, R., Moncada, B., Naikatini, A., Nelsen, M. P., Øvstedal, D. O., Palice, Z., Papong, K., Parnmen, S., Pérez-Ortega, S., Printzen, C., Rico, V. J., Rivas Plata, E., Robayo, J., Rosabal, D., Ruprecht, U., Salazar Allen, N., Sancho, L., Santos De Jesus, L., Santos Vieira, T., Schultz, M., Seaward, M. R. D., Sérusiaux, E., Schmitt, I., Sipman, H. J. M., Sohrabi, M., Søchting, U., Zeuthen Søgaard, M., Sparrius, L. B., Spielmann, A., Spribille, T., Sutjaritturakan, J., Thammathaworn, A., Thell, A., Thor, G., Thüs, H., Timdal, E., Truong, C., Türk, R., Umaña Tenorio, L., Upreti, D. K., Van Den Boom, P., Vivas Rebuelta, M., Wedin, M., Will-Wolf, S., Wirth, V., Wirtz, N., Yahr, R., Yeshitela, K., Ziemmeck, F., Wheeler, T. & R. Lücking. 2011. One hundred new species of lichenized fungi: a signature of undiscovered global diversity. Phytotaxa 18: 1-127. link (open access)
  • Lücking, R., Mata-Lorenzen, J. & Dauphin L., G. 2010. Epizoic liverworts, lichens and fungi growing on Costa Rican Shield Mantis (Mantodea: Choeradodis). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 46: 1-13 (iFirst article). link
  • Lawrey, J. D., Lücking, R., Sipman, H. J. M., Chaves, J. L., Redhead, S. A., Bungartz, F., Sikaroodi, M. & Gillevet, P. M. 2009. High concentration of basidiolichens in a single family of agaricoid mushrooms (Basidiomycota: Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae). Mycological Research: 113: 1154-1171. link
  • Lücking, R. 2009. Taxonomy: a discipline on the brink of extinction. Archives des Sciences 62: 75-88.
  • Lücking, R., Archer, A. W. & Aptroot, A. 2009. A world-wide key to the genus Graphis (Ostropales: Graphidaceae). The Lichenologist 41: 363-452. link
  • Lücking, R., Huhndorf, S., Pfister, D. H., Rivas Plata, E. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2009. Fungi evolved right on track. Mycologia 101: 810-822. link
  • Lücking, R., Lawrey, J. D., Sikaroodi, M., Gillevet, P. M., Chaves, J. L., Sipman, H. J. M. & Bungartz, F. 2009. Do lichens 'evolve' photobionts like farmers 'evolve' crops? Evidence from a previously unrecognized lineage of filamentous cyanobacteria. American Journal of Botany 96: 1409-1418. link
  • Morales, E. A., Lücking, R. & Anze, R. 2009. Líquenes de Bolivia - Una Introducción. Serie Ecológica 1. Universidad Católica Boliviana San Pablo, Cochabamba, Bolivia.
  • Nelsen, M. P., Lücking, R., Grube, M., Mbatchou, J. S., Muggia, L., Rivas Plata, E. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2009. Unravelling the phylogenetic relationships of lichenised fungi in Dothideomyceta. Studies in Mycology 64: 135-144. link
  • Cáceres, M. E. S., Lücking, R. & Rambold, G. 2008. Corticolous microlichens in northeastern Brazil: habitat differentiation between coastal Mata Atlântica, Caatinga and Brejos de Altitude. The Bryologist 111: 98-117. link
  • Lücking, R. 2008. Foliicolous lichenized fungi. Flora Neotropica Monograph 103: 1-867. link
  • Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T., Di Stéfano, J. F., Lizano, D., Carranza, J., Bernecker, A., Chaves, J. L. & Umaña, L. 2008. Eremithallus costaricensis (Ascomycota: Lichinomycetes: Eremithallales), a new fungal lineage with a novel lichen symbiotic lifestyle discovered in an urban relict forest in Costa Rica. Symbiosis 46: 161-170.
  • Lücking, R., Papong, K., Thammathaworn, A. & Boonpragob, K. 2008. Historical biogeography and phenotype-phylogeny of Chroodiscus (lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae). Journal of Biogeography 35: 2311-2327. link
  • Rivas Plata, E., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2008. When family matters: an analysis of Thelotremataceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropales) as bioindicators of ecological continuity in tropical forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 1319-1351. link
  • Hibbett, D. S., Binder. M., Bischoff, J. F., Blackwell, M., Cannon, P. F., Eriksson, O. E., Huhndorf, S., James, T., Kirk, P. M., Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T., Lutzoni, F., Matheny, P. B., McLaughlin, D. J., Powell, M. J., Redhead, S., Schoch, C. L., Spatafora, J. W., Stalpers, J. A., Vilgalys, R., Aime, M. C., Aptroot, A., Bauer, R., Begerow, D., Benny, G. L., Castlebury, L. A., Crous, P. W., Dai, Y.-C., Gams, W., Geiser, D. M., Griffith, G. W., Gueidan, C., Hawksworth, D. L., Hestmark, G., Hosaka, K., Humber, R. A., Hyde, K., Ironside, J. E., Kõljalg, U., Kurtzman, C. P., Larsson, K.-H., Lichtwardt, R., Longcore, J., Miadlikowska, J., Miller, A. Moncalvo, J.-M., Mozley-Standridge, S., Oberwinkler, F., Parmasto, E., Reeb, V., Rogers, J. D., Roux, C., Ryvarden, L., Sampaio, J. P., Schüssler, A., Sugiyama, J., Thorn, R. G., Tibell, L., Untereiner, W. A., Walker, C., Wang, Z., Weir, A., Weiss, M., White, M. M., Winka, K., Yao, Y.-J. & Zhang, N. 2007. A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi. Mycological Research 111: 509-547. link
  • Lücking, R., Buck, W. R. & Rivas Plata, E. 2007. The lichen family Gomphillaceae (Ostropales) in eastern North America, with notes on hyphophore development in Gomphillus and Gyalideopsis. The Bryologist 110: 622-672. link
  • Nelsen, M. P., Lücking, R., Umaña, L., Trest, M. T., Will-Wolf, S., Chaves, J. L. & Gargas, A. 2007. Multiclavula ichthyiformis (Fungi: Basidiomycota: Cantharellales: Clavulinaceae), a remarkable new basidiolichen from Costa Rica. American Journal of Botany 94: 1289-1296. link
  • Lücking, R. & Bernecker-Lücking, A. 2005. Drip-tips do not impair the development of epiphyllous rain-forest lichen communities. Journal of Tropical Ecology 21: 171-177. link
  • Lücking, R., Sérusiaux, E. & Vezda, A. 2005. Phylogeny and systematics of the lichen family Gomphillaceae (Ostropales) inferred from cladistic analysis of phenotype data. The Lichenologist 37: 123-170. link
  • Lücking, R. 2003. Takhtajan's floristic regions versus foliicolous lichen biogeography: a compatibility analysis. The Lichenologist 35: 33-54. link
  • Sanders, W. B. & Lücking, R. 2002. Reproductive strategies, relichenization, and thallus development observed in situ in leaf-dwelling lichen communities. New Phytologist 155: 425-435. link
  • Ferraro, L. I., Lücking, R. & Sérusiaux, E. 2001. A world monograph of the lichen genus Gyalectidium (Gomphillaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 137: 311-345. link
  • Lücking, R. & Matzer, M. 2001. High foliicolous lichen alpha-diversity on individual leaves in Costa Rica and Amazonian Ecuador. Biodiversity and Conservation 10: 2139-2152. link
  • Lücking, R. & Bernecker-Lücking, A. 2000. Lichen feeders and lichenicolous fungi: do they affect dispersal and diversity in tropical foliicolous lichen communities? Ecotropica 6: 23-41. link (open access)
  • Thor, G., Lücking, R. & Matsumoto, T. 2000. The foliicolous lichens of Japan. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 32: 1-72.
  • Lücking, R. 1999. Ecology of foliicolous lichens at the Botarrama trail (Costa Rica), a neotropical rain forest. IV. Species associations, their salient features, and their dependence on environmental variables. The Lichenologist 31: 269-289. link
  • Lücking, R. 1997. The use of foliicolous lichens as bioindicators in the tropics, with special reference to the microclimate. Abstracta Botanica 21: 99-116.
  • Lücking, R. 1995. Biodiversity and conservation of foliicolous lichens in Costa Rica. Mitteilungen der Eidgenössischen Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft 70: 63-92.


Other Selected Publications (reverse chronological order):


  • Kalb, K., Rivas Plata, E., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2011. The phylogenetic position of Malmidea, a new genus for the Lecidea piperis- and Lecanora granifera-groups (Lecanorales, Malmideaceae), inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences, with special reference to Thai species. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 106: 137-163.
  • Lücking, R., Rivas Plata, E., Mangold, A., Sipman, H. J. M., Aptroot, A., Miranda González, R., Kalb, K., Chaves, J. L., Ventura, N. & Esmeralda Esquivel, R. 2011. Natural history of Nash's Pore Lichens, Trinathotrema (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Stictidaceae). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 106: 183-206.
  • Rivas Plata, E., Hernández, J. E., Lücking, R., Staiger, B., Kalb, K. & Cáceres, M. E. S., 2011. Graphis is two genera - A remarkable case of parallel evolution in lichenized Ascomycota. Taxon 60 (in press).


  • Baloch, E., Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T. & Wedin, M. 2010. Major clades and phylogenetic relationships between lichenized and non-lichenized lineages in Ostropales (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes). Taxon 59: 1483-1494.
  • Bungartz, F., Lücking, R. & Aptroot, A. 2010. The lichen family Graphidaceae in the Galapagos Islands. Nova Hedwigia 90: 1-44.
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Divakar, P. K., Messuti, M. I., Mangold, A. & Lücking, R. 2010. A survey of thelotremoid lichens (Ascomycota: Ostropales) in subantarctic regions excluding Tasmania. The Lichenologist 42: 203-224.
  • Nelsen, M. P., Lücking, R., Rivas Plata, E. & Mbatchou, J. S. 2010. Heiomasia, a new genus in the lichen-forming family Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes: Ostropales) with disjunct distribution in Southeastern North America and Southeast Asia. The Bryologist 113: 742-751.
  • Rivas Plata, E., Lücking, R., Sipman, H. J. M., Mangold, A., Kalb, K. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2010. A world-wide key to the thelotremoid Graphidaceae, excluding the Ocellularia-Myriotrema-Stegobolus clade. Lichenologist 42: 187-189.


  • Aptroot, A., Thor, G., Lücking, R., Elix, J. A. & Chaves, J. L. 2009. The lichen genus Herpothallon reinstated. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 99: 19-66.
  • Herrera-Campos, M. A. & Lücking, R. 2009. Líquenes. In Lot, A. & Cano-Santana, Z. (eds.). Biodiversidad del ecosistema del Pedregal de San Angel. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Lücking, R. 2009. The taxonomy of the genus Graphis sensu Staiger (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae). The Lichenologist 41: 319-362.
  • Lücking, R., Rivas Plata, E., Chaves, J. L., Umaña, L. & Sipman, H. J. M. 2009. How many tropical lichens are there... really? Bibliotheca Lichenologica 100: 399-418.
  • Lücking, R., Wirth, V. & Ahrens, M. 2009. Foliicolous lichens in the Black Forest, Southwest-Germany. Candollea 67: 23-31, 4 plates.
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Lücking, R., Pinas, R. & Tibell, L. 2009. Molecular data place Tylophoron as an additional calicioid genus in Arthoniales (Ascomycota). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 99: 285-296.
  • Papong, K., Corush, J., Mangold, A., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H.T. 2009. Phylogenetic position of the foliicolous genus Chroodiscus (Ostropales, Ascomycota) inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Fungal Diversity 38: 147-153.
  • Schoch, C. L., Sung, G.-H., López-Giráldez, F., Townsend, J. P., Miadlikowska, J., Hofstetter, V., Robbertse, B., Matheny, P. B., Kauff, K., Wang, Z., Gueidan, C., Andrie, R. M., Trippe, K., Ciufetti, L. M., Wynns, A., Fraker, E., Hodkinson, B. P., Bonito, G., Yahr, R., Groenewald, J. Z., Arzanlou, M., de Hoog, G. S., Crous, P. W., Hewitt, D., Pfister, D. H., Peterson, K., Gryzenhout, M., Wingfield, M. J., Aptroot, A., Suh, S.-O., Blackwell, M., Hillis, D. M., Griffith, G. W., Castlebury, L. A., Rossman, A. Y., Lumbsch, H. T., Lücking, R., Büdel, B., Rauhut, A., Diederich, P., Ertz, D., Geiser, D. M., Hosaka, K., Inderbitzin, P., Kohlmeyer, J., Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, B., Mostert, L., O'Donnell, K., Sipman, H. J. M., Rogers, J. D., Shoemaker, R. A., Sugiyama, J., Summerbell, R. C., Untereiner, W., Johnston, P., Stenroos, S., Zuccaro, A., Dyer, P., Crittenden, P., Cole, M. S., Hansen, K., Trappe, J. M. , Lutzoni, F. & Spatafora, J. W. 2009. The Ascomycota Tree of Life: A phylum wide phylogeny clarifies the origin and evolution of fundamental reproductive and ecological Traits. Systematic Biology 58: 224-239.
  • Schoch, C. L., Crous, P. W., Groenewald, J. Z., Boehm, E. W. A., Burgess, T. I., De Gruyter, J., De Hoog, G. S., Dixon, L. J., Grube, M., Gueidan, C., Harada, Y., Hatakeyama, S., Hirayama, K., Hosoya, T., Huhndorf, S. M., Hyde, K. D., Jones, E. B. G., Kohlmeyer, J., Kruys, A., Li, Y. M., Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T., Marvanova, L., Mbatchou, J. S., McVay, A. H., Miller, A. N., Mugambi, G. K., Muggia, L., Nelsen, M. P., Nelson, P., Owensby, C. A., Phillips, A. J. L., Phongpaichit, S., Pointing, S. B., Pujade-Renaud, V., Raja, H. A., Rivas Plata, E., Robbertse, B., Ruibal, C., Sakayaroj, J., Sano, T., Selbmann, L., Shearer, C. A., Shirouzu, T., Slippers, Bernard Suetrong, S., Tanaka, K., Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, B., Wingfield, Michael J., Wood, A. R., Woudenberg, J. H. C., Yonezawa, H., Zhang, Y. & Spatafora, J. W. 2009. A class-wide phylogenetic assessment of Dothideomycetes. Studies in Mycology 64: 1-15.


  • Aptroot, A., Lücking, R., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L. & Chaves, J. L. 2008. Pyrenocarpous lichens with bitunicate asci. A first assessment of the lichen biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 97: 1-162.
  • Cáceres, M. E. S., Lücking, R. & Rambold, G. 2008. Efficiency of sampling methods for accurate estimation of species richness of corticolous microlichens in the Atlantic rainforest of northeastern Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 1285-1301.
  • Lücking, R. 2008. Foliicolous lichens as model organisms to study tropical rainforest ecology: background, data, and protocols. Sauteria 15: 335-362.
  • Lücking, R. & Rivas Plata, E. 2008. Clave y guía ilustrada para géneros de Graphidaceae. Glalia 1: 1-41.
  • Lücking, R., Chaves, J. L., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L. & Aptroot, A. 2008. A first assessment of the Ticolichen Biodiversity Inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Graphis, with notes on the genus Hemithecium (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae). Fieldiana (Botany), New Series 46: 1-131.
  • Lücking, R., Del Prado, R., Lumbsch, H. T., Will-Wolf, S., Aptroot, A., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L. & Chaves, J. L. 2008. Phylogenetic patterns of morphological and chemical characters and reproductive mode in the Heterodermia obscurata group in Costa Rica (Ascomycota, Physciaceae). Systematics and Biodiversity 6: 31-41.
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Nelsen, M. P. & Lücking, R. 2008. The phylogenetic position of Haematommataceae (Lecanorales, Ascomycota), with notes on secondary chemistry and species delimitation. Nova Hedwigia 86: 105-114.
  • Mangold, A., Martín, M. A., Kalb, K., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2008. Molecular data show that Topeliopsis (Ascomycota, Thelotremataceae) is polyphyletic. The Lichenologist 40: 39-46.
  • Mangold, A., Martín, M. A., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2008. Molecular phylogeny suggests synonymy of Thelotremataceae within Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Ostropales). Taxon 57: 476-486.
  • Nelsen, M. P., Lumbsch, H. T., Lücking, R. & Elix, J. A. 2008. Further evidence for the polyphyly of Lepraria (Lecanorales: Stereocaulaceae). Nova Hedwigia 87: 361-371.


  • Cáceres, M. E. S., Lücking, R. & Rambold, G. 2007. Phorophyte specificity and environmental parameters versus stochasticity as determinants for species composition of corticolous crustose lichen communities in the Atlantic rain forest of northeastern Brazil. Mycological Progress 6: 117-136.
  • Lücking, R. 2007. Megalospora imshaugii sp. nov. and M. caraibica sp. nov. from Jamaica (Ascomycota: Teloschistales: Megalosporaceae) increase the number of American Megalospora species to ten. Fungal Diversity 27: 103-110.
  • Lücking, R.2007. Kalbographa: Monografie einer unerkannten Flechtengattung. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 96: 185-192.
  • Lücking, R. & Hawksworth, D. L. 2007. Names for lichen-forming fungi introduced by Ciferri and Tomaselli are illegitimate and not available for use, except for three cases. Taxon 56: 1274-1284.
  • Lücking, R., Aptroot, A., Chaves, J. L., Sipman, H. J. M. & Umaña, L. 2007. A first assessment of the TICOLICHEN biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Coccocarpia (Peltigerales: Coccocarpiaceae). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95: 429-457.
  • Lücking, R., Kalb, K., Staiger, B. & McNeill, J. 2007. Proposal to conserve the name Phaeographis, with a conserved type, against Creographa, Ectographis, Flegographa, Hymenodecton, Platygramma, and Pyrographa (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae), along with notes on the names Graphina and Phaeographina. Taxon 56: 1296-1299.
  • Lücking, R., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L., Chaves, J. L. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2007. Aptrootia (Dothideomycetes: Trypetheliaceae), a new genus of pyrenocarpous lichens for Thelenella terricola. The Lichenologist 39: 187-193.
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Schmitt, I., Lücking, R., Wiklund, E. & Wedin, M. 2007. The phylogenetic placement of Ostropales within Lecanoromycetes (Ascomycota) revisited. Mycological Research 111: 257-267.
  • Sérusiaux, E. & Lücking, R. 2007. Gallaicolichen, a new genus of foliicolous lichen with unique diaspores. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95: 509-516.


  • Cáceres, M. E. S. & Lücking, R. 2006. Diversidade, biogeografía, ecología e utilização de liquens foliícolas. Biologia de Liquens. Xavier Filho, L., Legaz, M. E., Vicente Cordoba, C. & Pereira, E. C. (eds.). Âmbito Cultural Edições LDTA., Rio de Janeiro: 519-535.
  • Del Prado, R., Schmitt, I., Kautz, S., Palice, Z., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2006. Molecular data place Trypetheliaceae in Dothideomycetes. Mycological Research 110: 511-520.
  • James, T. Y., Kauff, F., Schoch, C., Matheny, P. B., Hofstetter, V., Cox, C. J., Celio, G., Guiedan, C., Fraker, E., Miadlikowska, J., Lumbsch, H. T., Rauhut, A., Reeb, V., Arnold, A. E., Amtoft, A. , Stajich, J. E., Hosaka, K., Sung, G.-H., Johnson, D., O'Rourke, B., Binder, M., Curtis, J. M., Slot, J. C., Wang, Z., Wilson, A. W., Schüssler, A., Longcore, J. E., O'Donnell, K., Mozley-Standridge, S., Porter, D., Letcher, P. M., Powell, M. J., Taylor, J. W., White, M. M., Griffith, G. W., Davies, D. R., Sugiyama, J., Rossman, A. Y., Rogers, J. D., Pfister, D. H., Hewitt, D., Hansen, K., Hambleton, S., Shoemaker, R. A., Kohlmeyer, J., Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, B., Spotts, R. A., Serdani, M., Crous, P. W., Hughes, K. W., Matsuura, K., Langer, E., Langer, G., Untereiner, W. A., Lücking, R., Büdel, B., Geiser, D. M., Aptroot, A., Buck, W. R., Cole, M. S., Diederich, P., Printzen, C., Schmitt, I., Schultz, M., Yahr, R., Zavarzin, A., Hibbett, D. S., Lutzoni, F., McLaughlin, D. J., Spatafora, J. W. & Vilgalys, R. 2006. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny. Nature 443: 818-820.
  • Lücking, R. 2006. Foliicolous lichens from French Guiana (northeastern South America). Cryptogamie, Mycologie 27: 121-147.
  • Lücking, R. & Cáceres, M. E. S. 2006. Taxonomía e sistemática dos liquens foliícolas. Biologia de Liquens. Xavier Filho, L., Legaz, M. E., Vicente Cordoba, C. & Pereira, E. C. (eds.). Âmbito Cultural Edições LDTA., Rio de Janeiro: 501-518.
  • Lücking, R. & Herrera-Campos, M. A. 2006. Sistemática e evolução dos liquens. Biologia de Liquens. Xavier Filho, L., Legaz, M. E., Vicente Cordoba, C. & Pereira, E. C. (eds.). Âmbito Cultural Edições LDTA., Rio de Janeiro: 451-468.
  • Lücking, R., Aptroot, A., Umaña, L., Chaves, J. L., Sipman, H. J. M. & Nelsen, M. P. 2006. A first assessment of the Ticolichen biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Gyalideopsis and its segregates (Ostropales: Gomphillaceae), with a world-wide key and name status checklist. The Lichenologist 38: 131-160.
  • Lücking, R., Thor, G., Aptroot, A., Kalb, K. & Elix, J. A. 2006. The Cryptothecia candida complex revisited. The Lichenologist 38: 235-240.
  • Miadlikowska, J., Kauff, F., Hofstetter, V., Fraker, E., Grube, M., Hafellner, J., Reeb, V., Hodkinson, B. P., Kukwa, M., Lücking, R., Hestmark, G., Otalora, M. G., Rauhut, A., Büdel, B., Scheidegger, C., Timdal, E., Stenroos, S., Brodo, I., Perlmutter, G. B., Ertz, D., Diederich, P., Lendemer, J. C., Tripp, E., Yahr, R., May, P., Gueidan, C., Arnold, A. E., Robertson, C. & Lutzoni, F. 2006. New insights into classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes. Mycologia 98: 1088-1103.
  • Nelsen, M. P., Lücking, R., Chaves, J. L., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L. & Navarro, E. 2006. A first assessment of the Ticolichen biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Haematomma (Lecanorales: Haematommataceae). The Lichenologist 38: 251-262.
  • Rivas Plata, E. T., Lücking, R., Aptroot, A., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L., Chaves, J. L. & Lizano, D. 2006. A first assessment of the Ticolichen biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Coenogonium (Ostropales: Coenogoniaceae), with a world-wide key and checklist and a phenotype-based cladistic analysis. Fungal Diversity 23: 255-321.
  • Spatafora, J. W., Sung, G.-H., Johnson, D., O'Rourke, B., Serdani, M., Spotts, R., Lutzoni, F., Hofstetter, V., Miadlikowska, J., Reeb, V., Gueidan, C., Fraker, E., Lumbsch, H. T., Lücking, R., Schmitt, I., Hosaka, K., Aptroot, A., Roux, C., Miller, A., Geiser, D., Hafellner, J., Hestmark, G., Arnold, A. E., Büdel, B., Rauhut, A., Hewitt, D., Untereiner, W. A., Cole, M. S., Scheidegger, C., Schultz, M., Sipman, H. J. M. & Schoch, C. 2006. A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina. Mycologia 98: 1018-1028.


  • Ferraro, L. I. & Lücking, R. 2005. The genus Gomphillus (Ostropales: Gomphillaceae) in the Americas, with the new species Gomphillus pedersenii from Argentina. The Bryologist 108: 491-496.
  • Lücking, R., Sérusiaux, E., Buck, W. R. & Ferraro, L. I. 2005. Gomphillus caribaeus belongs in the new genus Bryogomphus (Lecanorales: Pilocarpaceae). The Bryologist 108: 481-486.


  • Chaves, J. L., Lücking, R., Sipman, H. J. M., Umaña, L. & Navarro, E. 2004. A first assessment of the Ticolichen biodiversity inventory in Costa Rica: the genus Dictyonema (Polyporales: Atheliaceae). The Bryologist 107: 242-249.
  • Herrera-Campos, M. A., Lücking, R., Pérez Pérez, R.-E., Campos, A., Colín, P. M. & Bárcenas Peña, A. 2004. The foliicolous lichen flora of Mexico. V. Biogeographical affinities, altitudinal preferences, and an updated checklist of 293 species. The Lichenologist 36: 309-327.
  • Lücking, R. 2004. A revised key to foliicolous Porinaceae (Ascomycota: Trichotheliales). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 88: 409-426.
  • Lücking, R. & Cáceres, M. E. S. 2004. Corticolous species of Trichothelium (Ascomycota: Porinaceae). Mycological Research 108: 571-575.
  • Lücking, R., Stuart, B. L. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of Gomphillaceae and Asterothyriaceae: evidence from a combined Bayesian analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial sequences. Mycologia 96: 283-294.
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Mangold, A., Lücking, R.., García, M. A. & Martín, M. P. 2004. Phylogenetic position of the genera Nadvornikia and Pyrgillus (Ascomycota) based on molecular data. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 34: 9-17.
  • Lutzoni, F., Kauff, F., Cox, J. C., Mclaughlin, D., Celio, G., Dentinger, B., Padamsee, M., Hibbett, D., James, T. Y., Baloch, E., Grube, M., Reeb, V., Hofstetter, V., Shcoch, C., Arnold, A. E., Miadlikowska, J., Spatafora, J., Johnson, D., Hambleton, S., Crockett, M., Shoemaker, R., Sung, G.-H., Lücking, R., Lumbsch, T., O'donnell, K., Binder, M., Diederich, P., Ertz, D., Gueidan, C., Hansen, K., Harris, R. C., Hosaka, K., Lim, Y.-W., Matheny, B., Nishida, H., Pfister, D., Rogers, J., Rossman, A., Schmitt, I., Sipman, H., Stone, J., Sugiyama, J., Yahr, R. & Vilgalys, R. 2004. Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. American Journal of Botany 91: 1446-1480.


  • Lücking, R., Wirth, V., Ferraro, L. I. & Cáceres, M. E. S. 2003. Foliicolous lichens from Valdivian temperate rainforest of Chile and Argentina: evidence of an austral element, with the description of seven new taxa. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12: 21-36.
  • Sérusiaux, E. & Lücking, R. 2003. The lichen genus Caprettia Bat. & H. Maia (Monoblastiaceae). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 86: 161-176.


  • Grube, M. & Lücking, R. 2002. Fine structures of foliicolous lichens and their lichenicolous fungi studied by epifluorescence. Symbiosis 32: 229-246.
  • Henssen, A. & Lücking, R. 2002. Morphology, anatomy, and ontogeny in the Asterothyriaceae (Ascomycetes: Ostropales), a greatly misunderstood group of lichenized fungi. Annales Botanici Fennici 39: 273-299.
  • Lücking, R. & Bernecker-Lücking, A. 2002. Distance, dynamics, and diversity in tropical rain forests: an experimental approach using lichens on artificial leaves. Ecotropica 8: 1-13.
  • Lücking, R. & Cáceres, M. E. S. 2002. Liquens foliícolas: diversidade, taxonomia e biogeografia. Caxiuanã. Populações tradicionais, meio físico e diversidade Biológica. Lisboa, P. (ed.). Museo Goeldi, Belém: 445-471.
  • Lücking, R. & Grube, M. 2002. Facultative parasitism and reproductive strategies in Chroodiscus (Ascomycota, Ostropales). Stapfia 80: 267-292.
  • Lücking, R. & Kalb, K. 2002. New species and further additions to the foliicolous lichen flora of Kenya (East Africa), including the first lichenicolous Aulaxina (Ostropales: Gomphillaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 139: 171-180.


  • Gottsberger, G., Liede, S. & Lücking, R. 2001. Life Forms and Dynamics in Tropical Forests. Dissertationes Botanicae 346: 1-216.
  • Grube, M. & Lücking, R. 2001. Ascogenous hyphae in foliicolous species of Arthonia and allied genera. Mycological Research 105: 1007-1013.
  • Lücking, R. 2001. Lichens on leaves in tropical rain forests: life in a permanently ephemerous environment. Dissertationes Botanicae 346: 41-77.
  • Lücking, R. & Kalb, K. 2001. New Caledonia, foliicolous lichens, and island biogeography. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 78: 247-273.
  • Lücking, R. & Santesson, R. 2001. On the identity of Pyrenotrichum 'atrocyaneum', P. 'mirum' and P. 'podosphaera', campylidia of lichenized Ascomycota (Lecanorales: Ectolechiaceae). The Bryologist 105: 57-62.
  • Lücking, R., Streimann, H. & Elix, J. A. 2001. Further records of foliicolous lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Australasia, with an updated checklist for continental Australia. The Lichenologist 33: 195-210.


  • Kalb, K., Lücking, R. & Sérusiaux, E. 2000. Studies in Bacidia sensu lato (lichenized Ascomycetes: Lecanorales). I. The genus Bapalmuia. Mycotaxon 75: 281-309.
  • Lücking, R.& Kalb, K. 2000. Foliikole Flechten aus Brasilien (vornehmlich Amazonien), inklusive einer Checkliste und Bemerkungen zu Coenogonium und Dimerella (Gyalectaceae). Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik 122: 1-61.


  • Lücking, R. 1999. Addiciones y correcciones al conocimiento de la líquenoflora foliícola de Costa Rica. La familia Asterothyriaceae y el género Chroodiscus (Thelotremataceae), con un análisis filogenético. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 20: 193-224.
  • Lücking, R. 1999. Foliicolous lichens and their lichenicolous fungi from Ecuador, with a comparison of lowland and montane rainforest. Willdenowia 29: 299-335.
  • Lücking, R. 1999 Additions and corrections to the knowledge of the foliicolous lichen flora of Costa Rica. The family Gyalectaceae. The Lichenologist 31: 359-374.
  • Lücking, R. 1999. Ecology of foliicolous lichens at the Botarrama trail (Costa Rica), a neotropical rain forest. III. Phorophyte ranges and patterns of phorophyte preferences. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 38: 553-564.
  • Lücking, R.1999. Ergänzungen und Verbesserungen zur Kenntnis der foliikolen Flechtenflora Costa Ricas. Die Familie Ectolechiaceae. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 39: 131-165.
  • Lücking, R. 1999. Líquenes foliícolas de la Estación Biológica La Selva, Costa Rica: Inventario, comunidades y comparación florística de tipos de vegetación. Revista de Biología Tropical 47: 287-308.
  • Lücking, R. 1999. Additions and corrections to the knowledge of the foliicolous lichen flora of Costa Rica, Central America. The genus Trichothelium (lichenized Ascomycetes: Trichotheliaceae). Nova Hedwigia 66: 359-374.
  • Lücking, R., Cáceres, M. E. S. & Maia, L. C. 1999. Revisão taxonômica e nomenclatural de liquens foliícolas e respectivos fungos liquenícolas registrados para o estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, por Batista e colaboradores. Acta Botanica Brasilica 13: 115-128.


  • Lücking, R. 1998 Ecology of foliicolous lichens at the Botarrama trail (Costa Rica), a neotropical rain forest site. II. Patterns of diversity and area cover and their dependence on microclimate and phorophyte species. Ecotropica 4: 1-24.
  • Lücking, R. 1998. Additions and corrections to the knowledge of the foliicolous lichen flora of Costa Rica, Central America. The genus Fellhanera, with notes on Bacidia pauciseptata. Tropical Bryology 13: 375-417.
  • Lücking, R. 1998. Foliicolous lichens and their lichenicolous fungi collected during the Smithsonian International Cryptogamic Expedition to Guyana 1996. Tropical Bryology 15: 45-76.
  • Lücking, R. 1998. 'Plasticolous' lichens in a tropical rain forest at La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. The Lichenologist 30: 287-301.
  • Lücking, R. 1998. Ecology of foliicolous lichens at the Botarrama trail (Costa Rica), a neotropical rain forest. I. Species composition and its ecogeographical implications. Biotropica 31: 553-564.
  • Lücking, R. & Vezda, A. 1998. Taxonomic studies in foliicolous species of the genus Porina (lichenized Ascomycotina: Trichotheliaceae). II. The Porina epiphylla group. Willdenowia 28: 181-225.
  • Lücking, R., Becker, U. & Follmann, G. 1998. Foliikole Flechten aus dem Taï-Nationalpark, Elfenbeinküste (Tropisches Afrika). II. Ökologie und Biogeografie. Herzogia 13: 207-228.
  • Lücking, R., Sérusiaux, E., Maia, L. C. & Pereira, E. C. G. 1998. A revision of the names of foliicolous lichenized fungi published by Batista and co-workers between 1960 and 1975. The Lichenologist 30: 121-191.


  • Lücking, R. 1997. Estado actual de investigaciones sobre líquenes foliícolas en la región neotrópica, con un análisis biogeográfico preliminar. Tropical Bryology 13: 87-114.
  • Lücking, R. 1997. Additions and corrections to the knowledge of the foliicolous lichen flora of Costa Rica, Central America. The family Gomphillaceae. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 65: 1-109.


  • Gradstein, S. R., Hietz, P., Lücking, R., Lücking, A., Sipman, H. J. M., Vester, H. F. M., Wolf, J. H. D. & Gardette, E. 1996. How to sample the epiphytic diversity of tropical rain forests. Ecotropica 2: 59-72.
  • Lücking, R. 1996. Taxonomic studies in foliicolous species of the genus Porina. I. The Porina rufula aggregate. Botanica Acta 109: 248-260.
  • Lücking, R. & Matzer, M. 1996. Ergänzungen und Verbesserungen zur Kenntnis der foliikolen Flechtenflora Costa Ricas. Die Familie Opegraphaceae (einschließlich der Gattung Mazosia). Nova Hedwigia 63: 109-144.


  • Farkas, E. É., Lücking, R. & Wirth, V. 1995. Scripta Lichenologica - Lichenological Papers Dedicated to Antonín Vezda. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 58: 1-501.
  • Lücking, R. 1995. Additions and corrections to the foliicolous lichen flora of Costa Rica. The family Arthoniaceae, with notes on the genus Stirtonia. The Lichenologist 27: 127-153.
  • Lücking, R.& Lücking, A. 1995. Foliicolous lichens and bryophytes from Cocos Island, Costa Rica. A taxonomical and ecogeographical study. I. Lichens. Herzogia 11: 143-174.
  • Lücking, R., Freiberg, M., Lücking, A., Freiberg, E. & Gottsberger, G. 1995. Tropical Forest Canopies as an Environment for Arthropods and Epiphytes, with Special Reference to the Phyllosphere. Second International ESF Workshop on Tropical Canopy Research, 27-30 July 1995, Günzburg, Alemania. Final Scientific Report.
  • Vezda, A. & Lücking, R. 1995. A restudy of Pseudogyalecta verrucosa, its systematical affinities, and the nomenclatorical consequences. Mycotaxon 55: 501-506.


  • Lücking, R., Lumbsch, H. T. & Elix, J. A. 1994. Chemistry, anatomy and morphology of foliicolous species of the genera Fellhanera and Badimia (Lichenized Ascomycotina: Lecanorales). Botanica Acta 107: 393-401.


  • Lücking, R. 1992. Foliicolous Lichens - A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Lichen Flora of Costa Rica, Central America. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 104: 1-179.


Professional affiliations

  • Editorial Board, Mycosphere, since 2009
  • Editorial Board, Glalia, since 2008
  • Editorial Board, The Lichenologist, since 2006
  • Member, International Association for Lichenology (IAL)
  • Member, British Lichen Society (BLS)
  • Member, Ameri­can Bryo­logical and Lichenological Society (ABLS)
  • Member, Mycological Society of America (MSA)
  • Member, Botanical Society of America (BSA)
  • Member, International Association of Plant Taxonomists (IAPT)
  • Member, Bryo­logical-Lichenolo­gical Wor­­king Group of Central Europe (BLAM)
  • Member, Grupo Latino­ame­ri­cano de Liquenólogos (GLAL)