Szeghalom-Kovácshalom: A Virtual Tour of a Neolithic Village in Southeastern Hungary
The Neolithic settlement of Szeghalom-Kovácshalom is the latest focus of the Körös Regional Archaeological Project (KRAP), co-directed by Dr. William A. Parkinson at the Field Museum of Natural History and Dr. Attila Gyucha of the Hungarian National Museum. The site is representative of an archaeologically defined group called the Tisza, who lived on the Great Hungarian Plain from about 5000 to 4500 BC. The multidisciplinary team began working at the site in 2010, using three different strategies to understand how its inhabitants used to live. First, they collected pottery pieces (called "sherds") to help define the boundaries of the Neolithic occupation. Next, they brought along a group of geophysicists from the Laboratory of Geophysical - Satellite Remote Sensing and Archaeo-environment of the Institute for Mediterranean Studies - Foundation for Research and Technology, Hellas (IMS-FORTH). The geophysics team used a combination of magnetometry, ground-penetrating radar (GPR), and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) to identify subsurface features, including burned walls and man-made ditches. Finally, the results from the geophysical prospection allowed the team to select the best longhouses for excavation, which began in 2011.
The subsurface features at Szeghalom-Kovácshalom
Check out the video here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J_eRN20PPuM
This research was funded by grants from the National Science Foundation (BCS-0911336, OISE-1030436), the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (ICRG), the Field Museum of Natural History Field Dreams Program, and the Anthropology Alliance of the Field Museum of Natural History.
For more information about KRAP, please visit our website: http://expeditions.fieldmuseum.org/neolithic-archaeology.