Fieldiana: Author Information

Fieldiana is a peer-reviewed monographic series published by The Field Museum. Fieldiana focuses on mid-length monographs and scientific papers pertaining to its collections and research.

All manuscripts should be submitted via the online submission system.

Style Guidelines

Manuscript format

Arrange manuscripts in the order: cover page, table of contents (including lists of figures and tables), abstract, introduction, text, acknowledgments, literature cited, appendices, index, figures, figure captions, and tables. Everything is to be double-spaced when being submitted for review.

Cover page

On the first sheet, type the information that appears on the front cover of Fieldiana. Use zeros as placeholders for information to be filled in later, such as series no., publication no., and date of publication:

[Series name (Anthropology or Life and Earth Sciences)]
N. S (for Anthropology only) NO. 00
[Title—Boldface and flush left]
[Author/s—If using initials, add space between two initials, e.g., L. D. Lang]
Publication 0000

Below this, please provide a Short (Running) Title of 50 to 70 characters.

Table of Contents:

Type the table of contents to exactly match the contents of your manuscript. The table of contents may not be carried beyond three levels of heads, and you may choose to use only one, leaving out subsequent headings. The table of contents also includes a list of figures (start with the cover image), and list of tables.

The wording in the list of figures is a short statement of what each figure shows. It is not a figure caption. For example, a figure caption that read, “The rocky cliff on the western side of the Mitla Fortress.” would be shortened in the list of figures to, “The Mitla Fortress from the west.” The list of tables may contain the exact table titles or short statements of what the tables show.


Brief and to the point. Boldface and center "Abstract" and indent first line of abstract.

Resumen, résumé

A resumen, résumé, or abstract in any other language may immediately follow the abstract. It should be an exact translation and should be grammatically and orthographically correct (add all of the diacritics). Style this exactly like the abstract. Add a line space between the abstract and the resumen.

Affiliation footnote

These are rare. They may appear when each chapter of the monograph is by a separate person or group of people.


An introduction to the entire work is not always needed unless you are preparing an edited volume, but you may want to include one. An introduction in this sense is part of the book’s front matter; it does not receive a chapter title and is not always appropriate as a section title.

Materials and methods

This section is a detailed but concise account of how you conducted your work, including research strategy and field methods. List any abbreviations and definitions of acronyms here. Use standard abbreviations for institution names and collections. See section on abbreviations for more information.

Material examined:

You may decide to list specimens in a separate section or as an appendix. You may include physical details about each specimen and the catalog number, locality, and name of collector.


The headings in the text should match the headings in the table of contents. For clarity, we recommend not exceeding four levels of headings in text. Please follow this format for heads:

  • Heading 1: Boldface, initial caps, flush left, and set in 11-point type
    Heading 1
  • Heading 2: Boldface, italics, initial caps, flush left, and set in 9-point type
    Heading 2
  • Heading 3: Set in Caps and small caps, set in 9-point type, indent paragraph, add em dash, and then run in text.
    HEADING 3—Text follows.
  • Heading 4 (rare): Initial caps, indent paragraph, add em dash, and then run in text.
    Heading 4—Text follows.

You may use the words "above" and "below" to reference close material; for distant material, however, we recommend identifying the section parenthetically, e.g., “(see earlier discussion under History and Culture).”

Be sure to indicate in your manuscript where you want figures and tables placed. We may have to place them elsewhere due to restrictions of design and page layout. A common problem is too little text and too many display elements (Tables and Figures), in which case we will try to place all figures or all tables in one, two, or three galleries.

In-text citations
  • Use author–year style in chronological, then alphabetical, order. Use a comma between author and year. For three or more authors, list the first author followed by et al. (Smith et al., 1963). For two or more citations listed together, separate with semicolons (Smith et al., 1963; Jones, 1999). If citing a chapter in the same edited volume, use "(Smith, this volume).
  • When there’s more than one reference with the same author/s and date, use letters to distinguish one from the other: (Smith, 1963a) and (Smith, 1963b).
  • Use ampersands within parentheses but spell out and otherwise: (Smith & Jones, 1963); Smith and Jones (1963).
  • Personal communications referenced in text: (Heitman, pers. comm.).
  • Use lowercase when referring to other authors’ figures, tables, plates, or chapters.
  • When citing direct quotations in the text, include page numbers: (Smith, 1963: 171).
  • Immediately after the first use of binomial names, taxonomic authorities are the only citations that should appear in parentheses, unless you make itthat the citation is not an authority.
  • In manuscripts that describe new species, authorities of taxa discussed in regard to the new species must be included in the literature cited.
Referring to tables and figures in text

Capitalize Table and Figure. Spell out Figure in text, but use (Fig.) or (Figs.) in parentheses. Use lowercase when referring to other authors’ figures, tables, plates, or chapters.

Taxonomic treatments

Descriptions, or redescriptions of taxa should begin with the next higher classification, e.g. for a species description, the genus and its authority. The focal taxon name is centered and in Bold. On the line after the new species name (Genus nspecious n. sp.) please list the figures which illustrate the taxon. Diagnoses and descriptions should be in telegraphic style. Rather than state "the tail is long and is strongly bicolored with a black tip", use "Tail: long, Strongly bicolored, tip black." All authorities of pertinent taxa, including the next higher classification and species to which the focal taxon is being compared must be included in the Literature Cited.


Don’t use them. The Fieldiana format is simply not appropriate for footnotes or endnotes.


Acknowledgments are limited to three kinds: financial support, professional assistance (loan of specimens, use of research facilities, field assistance, etc.), and truly exceptional personal contributions. The acknowledgments should be placed before the literature cited section.

Literature Cited:
  • Use the head Literature Cited, not References.
  • Use author–year style, with references ordered strictly alphabetically. Author names should be in caps.
  • Spell out names of all journals and book publishers.
  • Use a single 3-em dash for an exact repetition of author or authors.
  • Include a space between two or more author initials: MILLER, W. D.
  • Capitalize the first letter following a colon for both journal article and book titles.
  • If you must cite an issue number, use this style: 34(3): 111–113.
  • Page numbers should be all inclusive: 104–109, not 104–9.
  • It is not necessary to include total number of pages for books.

It is the author’s responsibility to make sure that all in-text citations have a corresponding entry in the literature cited section and vice versa. Also please make sure that dates and spelling match.

Journal and Series Articles

MADIN, L. P., AND G. R. HARBISON. 1978. Salps of the genus Pegea Savigny, 1816 (Tunicata: Thaliacea). Bulletin of Marine Science, 28: 335–344.

MILLER, W. D., AND J. D. BROTHERSON. 1979. Size variation in foot elements of Bison from Rancho La Brea. Contributions in Science, 323: 1–12.


KROMBEIN, K. V. 1967. Trap-Nesting Wasps and Bees: Life Histories, Nests, and Associates. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Chapter in a Book or Proceedings Volume

CHAVE, K. E. 1964. Skeletal durability and preservation, pp. 77–187. In Imbrie, J., and N. Newell, eds., Approaches to Paleoecology, Vol. 11. Wiley, New York.

Monograph Series

CARROLL, R. L., AND P. GASKILL. 1994. Osteology of Simosaurus and the
interrelationship of stem-group Sauropterygia (Reptilia, Diapsida). Fieldiana:
Geology, n.s., 28: 1–85.


Appendices follow the literature cited section. Begin the appendix on a new page. If figures or tabular material accompany an appendix (or compose the totality of the appendix), they should be clearly labeled as such. Each appendix should be designated with roman numerals: Appendix I, Appendix II. Lengthy appendices of only indirect relevance to the manuscript may best be made available online instead of printed along with the rest of the volume.


The value of your work may be enhanced by an index. Please discuss this with the Editors. After you check the page proofs, you may use them to create the index. Please supply the index as an electronic file and as double-spaced copy. Include all significant items, taxonomic synonyms, and major topics of discussion.


We refer to all illustrations—line drawings, maps, graphs, and photographs—as figures. Please number them consecutively using Arabic numerals. Fieldiana Anthropology contributions number the figures and tables according to which chapter they belong to: Fig. 1.2 or Table 5.1. In Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences, the figures and tables are numbered consecutively: Fig. 2 or Fig. 5. In edited volumes of Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences, each chapter begins numbering Figures and Tables with "1". In running text, capitalize and spell out. In parentheses, please use (Fig.) or (Figs.). See Figure captions section in this document for specific caption formatting.

Figure captions should not appear on the figures themselves, but should be grouped together and double-spaced on a separate sheet of paper (or a separate electronic file). Captions should be self-explanatory and should not require reference to the text. The word Figure should be abbreviated and set in small caps, FIG. The captions should be in paragraph style, and the parts of a figure in boldface: (A), (B).

The overall dimensions of Fieldiana are 8.5 by 11 inches. The column and page dimensions are:

  • Page width (2 columns) 43.5 picas, ~ 7.25 inches
  • Single column width 21 picas, ~ 3.5 inches
  • Page height 58 picas, ~ 9.5 inches
Electronic art — Strongly Preferred
  • Halftone and color images should be submitted at desired print size, with no less than 300 pixels per inch (ppi or dpi) resolution. Digital color files must be in CMYK mode. Digital color proofs supplied must be output in CMYK mode. Halftones should have dot end settings of 2% in the lightest are of the image and 98% in the darkest area.
  • If submitting photographs taken using a digital camera, please use the highest resolution setting option with the least amount of compression. Please refer to your camera’s manual for more information. Please note that images that are downloaded from the internet are usually in JPEG or GIF format and 72 dpi. These are not acceptable for print. If you are unsure, print out the figure and look at its quality.
  • Line art should be submitted at desired print size, no less than 1200 dpi.
  • TIFF or EPS file formats are preferred, and may be submitted for both PC and Macintosh platforms. We also accept image files in the following Native Application File Formats: Adobe Photoshop (.psd), Adobe Acrobat (.pdf), Illustrator (.ai), PowerPoint (.ppt), Word (.doc) and Excel (.xls). Files are accepted on CD or DVD.
  • Scale bars should be included in the figure rather than in the figure caption. Final type size of letters on the figure should be no less than 8 point, and should be fairly consistent within the manuscript.

Please include with your submission a directory of the files contained on the disk and a hardcopy printout of each figure. The hardcopy must match the digital file. Please include the screen and printer font files for any text that has been added to the figure. Adobe PostScript fonts should be used. Please do NOT use TrueType or system “bitmap” fonts. To avoid font problems, convert all type to curves or paths. Additional information on digital art specifications is provided by Allen Press.

Changes in figures that result from unclear author specifications, or for any author-generated reason, will be charged to the author.

Original (hard copy) art
  • Normally, only copies of original art, photographs, or unique illustrations should be included with an initial submission to Fieldiana.
  • Size of original artwork should be no less than its reproduction size, and no greater than twice its reproduction size.
  • All original artwork must be labeled.
  • Labels should contain the Journal Name, Author, Figure #, MS#, and percentage reduction or final column size desired, and should be filled out legibly using BLACK ink. If the artwork is in color, please indicate on the label whether it is to be reproduced in color or black and white.
  • Labels should be placed at the tops of figures, no more than ½” from the image area. Removable figure labels should be used. Please keep labels small. Do NOT label or write in ink on the back of the artwork, as it may bleed through upon reproduction.
  • If assembling multiple pieces of artwork into one plate, the artwork should be mounted on stiff white board, which is less than 1/8” thick. Use a glue stick to mount figures securely. Do not use tape of any kind.
  • If lettering is required on an image, rub-on transfer letters are preferred over Kroy type. Letters and labels on the figure should be placed at least 1/8” from all edges of the figure. Scale bars should always be included in the figure rather than in the figure caption. Final type size of letters on the figure should be no less than 8 points, and should be fairly consistent within the manuscript.
  • Half-tone images (such as black and white photographs) should be submitted as close to final size as possible. They must be high contrast and show fine detail.

Additional information on original art specifications may be provided by Allen Press. Art re-shoots made because the author was not clear in his or her specifications, or for any author-generated reason, will be charged to the author.


Tables should be submitted electronically in a standard software program, with an accompanying printout of each table printed on a separate page. Tables that are especially long should be in their own separate electronic files. Occasionally, tables may be submitted as camera-ready copy. All but camera-ready copy must be double-spaced. If tables are submitted as camera-ready copy, please provide a separate list of table heads. These heads will be typeset conventionally and set with the corresponding tables during production.

Please indicate in your manuscript where you envision the placement of your tables, if it isn’t to be at, or near, the first mention in the text. Tables should be self-explanatory and not require reference to the text.

Tables should be styled as follows:

  • Number tables consecutively with Arabic numbers.
  • Try to keep headings as brief as possible.
  • Use horizontal lines to separate headings or column labels, and add a single line at the bottom of the table. Do not use vertical lines.
  • Double space the entire table
  • 12-point font is preferred. The minimum is 10-point font.
  • Boldface column heads; cap then lowercase.
  • Cap then lowercase stub columns (left most).
  • Be consistent with footnote designators: symbols are the most common (*, †, ‡, §, _, #, **, ††, ‡‡, §§, __, ##, etc.) but letters or numbers may be used for statistical data. Paragraph indent footnotes and use a thin space after designator.
  • Be consistent with treatment of cells with no data; blank cells are okay, or you may insert a hyphen.
  • All tables and figures must fit on a Fieldiana page (8 1/2 x 11 inches) and in the Fieldiana format. It is the responsibility of the authors to split oversize figures and tables into manageable page-size pieces.
Use of Protected Materials — Permissions:

Authors who use previously published materials, in whole or in part, that are under copyright protection, or any other protected material, must submit written permission to use this material in Fieldiana by the stage of final acceptance. Warning! Obtaining written permission may take several months; therefore, we suggest you begin as early as possible.

When an illustration includes an image of a person, the author should, if possible, obtain permission from that individual to publish the image. Copies of any permissions received from individuals regarding the use and publication of their likeness, should be given to the Managing Scientific Editor.

Abbreviations and acronyms
  • Spell out terms in full for first appearance in abstract and again for first appearance in text. Do not spell out again in figure captions or tables.
  • It’s okay to begin a sentence with an acronym, but not an abbreviation.
  • Use small caps for institutional acronyms: FMNH.
  • Follow usual rules: run together most prefixes and suffixes, but hyphenate to avoid double vowels (intra-abdominal) and triple consonants (bell-like); but defer to Merriam-Webster’s 11th edition (preempt).
  • Use an em dash in open or hyphenated compounds: pre–World War II; non–weight-bearing leg. And between two units of equal weight: snout–vent length.
  • Use regular hyphenation rules for units of measure: a 4-m-thick sandstone block; but a sandstone block 4 m thick (hyphenate adjectives when they appear before the noun).
  • Hyphenate all -like words.
  • Spell out Genus species on first mention of each taxon and at the beginning of sentences. Then use G. species. If discussing two genera tht begin with the same letter, carefully assess each use as to whether an initial is sufficiently clear. 
  • Be consistent when choosing to spell out the genus name with each new species.
  • If quotation marks or question marks are used with genus species designations, the quotation marks or question marks should be set in roman type, not italics (e.g., The Unio? is Neotrapezium californicum).
Units of measure:
  • Standard, i.e. International System of Units (SI), units of measure are abbreviated throughout the text, figures, and tables.
  • Be consistent when abbreviating units of time and when using numerals or spelled-out numbers for units of time.
Back to Top

Submission Procedures


Fieldiana is a peer-reviewed monographic series published by the Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana focuses on mid-length monographs and scientific papers pertaining to its collections and research. Manuscripts of at least 40 but rarely more than 400 pages of text will be considered. All manuscripts should be submitted to the Managing Scientific Editor.


Field Museum curators, research associates, and full-time scientific professional staff may submit papers for consideration with minimal financial charges for normal printing. Edited volumes pertaining to Field Museum collections may also be submitted for consideration under a 50% subsidy arrangement. The submission and peer review of these chaptered volumes should be arranged well in advance with the Managing Scientific Editor and the appropriate Associate Editor. Prospective volume editors should consult the section on Edited Works in the GENERAL POLICIES section of our web page.

Submitting Work for Peer Review

All manuscripts should be submitted to the Managing Scientific Editor. All elements of the work, including the figures, tables, and appendices, must be complete at submission. To expedite the publication process, we ask that authors prepare their manuscripts for peer review according to the following general style and formatting guidelines. Manuscripts submitted for consideration should be prepared using MSWord (*.doc). Manuscripts must be in English, using American spelling and grammar conventions. The entire manuscript including the figure headings, tables, and appendices should be double-spaced and in 12 pt New Times Roman or Arial font. The title page must include the title and each author's name and affiliation. A mailing and e-mail address should also be provided for the corresponding author. In addition to an electronic copy, two printed copies of the manuscript should be submitted to the Managing Scientific Editor with a brief dated letter of submission. These copies can be printed on both sides of letter-sized paper and all margins should be one inch. Page numbers should be at the bottom of each page. Please also submit the names, addresses, telephone numbers, and e-mail addresses of at least five possible reviewers. Authors should keep a copy of their manuscript and the original figures and photographs until the manuscript has been accepted for publication.

Edited Works:

Fieldiana primarily publishes mid-length monographs. However, Fieldiana may also publish edited works with separately authored chapters when the subject matter is appropriate to the mission of Field Museum and its collections and research. The submission of edited works should be arranged well in advance with the Managing Scientific Editor and the appropriate Associate Editor.

Eligibility for Submission

Curators, research associates, full-time scientific support staff, full-time paid postdoctoral fellows, graduate students of Field Museum curators, and fellowship awardees may submit edited works for publication in Fieldiana under a 50 % subsidy arrangement.

Volume Editor's Responsibilities

The volume editors organize the subject matter, insure the cohesion of the volume, provide an introductory synthesis of the volume’s contents, and minimize redundancy. The volume editor also is responsible for communications with the chapter authors regarding Fieldiana policies and format, for establishing deadlines, and for all communication of reviewers’ comments, the proofs and electronic and hard-copy reprints.

The Volume Editor should instruct chapter authors to use the same fonts and styles throughout, including in figures and tables, prepare the Table of Contents and Lists of Figures and Tables, write a Preface to the volume that unifies the different chapters and highlights the broad unifying questions the volume addresses, assess whether the Literature Cited sections of each chapter are redundant and, if so, prepare one Literature Cited section for the entire volume.

Internal references to chapters in the same volume should be in the format "(Smith, this volume)". The full reference is to be included in the Literature Cited in the usual format.

Figures and tables in edited works should be numbered beginning with 1 for each chapter.

Each chapter should have its own Short Title or Running Head of about 50 characters.

Submission Procedures

All manuscripts of edited volumes should be submitted to the Managing Scientific Editor. In general the preparation of manuscripts should follow the guidelines provided on the author information section of the web page. However, the submission of edited works should also include the following materials:

  • An electronic copy and two printed copies of each chapter should be submitted to the Managing Scientific Editor with a brief dated letter of submission. The volume editor should keep a copy of the entire manuscript and the original figures and photographs.
  • A letter to the Associate Editor that provides the names of two potential reviewers for each chapter. These contacts must be people whom the volume editor believes to be qualified to either review the chapter or identify potential reviewers. With each name the volume editor should provide complete contact information.
  • A letter to the Managing Scientific Editor that commits the volume editor(s) to paying at least 50 % of the publication costs of the volume. The payment must be arranged for prior to printing. Cost estimates can be provided by the Managing Scientific Editor but the final charge will be based on the final invoice provided by the printer.

Response to Peer Reviews--As the reviews are received, the Associate Editor may identify chapters that can be provisionally recommended for rejection or acceptance. The Associate Editor's decision will be given to the volume editor in writing. If a chapter is provisionally accepted, the volume editor is responsible to see that the author(s) revise the manuscripts for final submission. The author(s) must respond in writing to all peer-review comments and incorporate any necessary changes into the manuscript. The author(s) must also justify any reviewers’ comments that they ignore or deem ill-advised. This information is sent to the volume editor, who considers it and works with the author as necessary to improve the work, then forwards it to the Associate Editor with the complete volume.

Authors Copies

Each volume editor receives 15 hard copies of the printed volume at no cost. Additional hard copies of the complete volumes can be requested, when the proofs are returned. The price of these complete volumes will be discounted. The volume editor receives a complimentary PDF of the published volume.

Author Revision Period

Manuscripts returned to authors for revisions should normally be revised and returned to the appropriate Associate Editor within three (3) months. Revisions on large manuscripts of more than 100 pages or edited volumes must be completed and returned to the Associate Editor within six (6) months of receiving the reviewer’s comments. With the final revised manuscript, each author should complete and sign a copyright transfer form and send it to the Associate Editor.

Resources for Authors

  • For matters of spelling and hyphenation use Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition.
  • For a general resource of style use CBE 6th edition (style guide from the Council of Biological Editors)
  • For specific questions on style consult
    • A recent Fieldiana publication
    • The Style Guidelines, above
  • For guidance about figures consult the digital art specifications

Submitting Work for Production:

Following conditional acceptance, a manuscript must be prepared for production. It is the author's responsibility to submit a revised manuscript to the Associate Editor that not only reflects reviewers’ comments and high-quality science, the manuscript must meet Fieldiana's style and format standards. A manuscript that perfectly conforms to Fieldiana style and formatting guidelines will be ready to go to production.

Authors must submit final figures in the size at which they are to be printed. Oversized figures waste journal space and increase costs. Please help us avoid this. The overall dimensions of Fieldiana are 8.5 by 11 inches. The column and page dimensions are:

  • Page width (2 columns) 43.5 picas, ~ 7.25 inches
  • Single column width 21 picas, ~ 3.5 inches
  • Page height 58 picas, ~ 9.5 inches

If figures are to be placed on facing pages or in specific association with each other or with other material, please indicate this in a note to the copy editor. Also, please indicate where you envision placement of your figures and tables, if other than near their first mention, in the text. If you have what could be perceived as unusual features in your manuscript, please explain them in a note to the copyeditor.

Insert the Figure Caption for the cover image on a page before the Table of Contents, and the cover image itself in a file named as such.

Please proofread your Table of Contents and list of figures and tables against the text before final submission.

Back to Top